To understand the events in the Middle East along with its continuing conflicts, one must examine the history of Zionism from its inception. Both Christians and Jews sought a solution for Jewish persecution including the purchase of land in the U.S. and the possibility of occupying colonial lands in Africa. With British occupation of Palestine following World War I, the stage was set for the eventual occupation and control of Palestine by Jewish Zionists following World War II. A close examination of these events before and following Jewish Independence will give the reader a clearer understanding of the difficulties surrounding Arab-Jewish relations today. In addition, understanding Jewish-Christian relationships will give insight into how the U.S. and Western democracies became connected to these continuing conflicts.